The Grand River (French: La Rivière Grand; Mohawk: Kenhionhata:tie) formerly known as The River Ouse is a large river in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. December 4, 2017 | Web First. From there its route has been used to define the interprovincial border with Ontario. Beautifully updated 3 bedroom, 1.5 bathroom Dunnville 2 storey on premium 189 deep lot on quiet secondary street. See here to see a video of swallows feeding on The Grand River – Ontario. In gratitude for their assistance during the war, the Crown awarded the Iroquois land in Upper Canada. The d’Anville map of 1755 shows the river Tinaatuoa but adds the words Grande River at its mouth. It was a scoured-out channel in the earth that drained off glacial melt water. The Grand River has Southern Ontario's largest watershed.. The Iroquois were seeking to dominate the lucrative fur trade with the Europeans. Not far from Hamilton and Highway 403, the Grand River Route takes you for a leisurely cruise along the scenic Grand River, one of our few Canadian Heritage Rivers. There’s the occasional fly fisherman, standing waist deep, casting a line that ribbons through the air like a slow-motion lasso. The Grand River is a short walk from the house and is a protected area of well-maintained trails. " Much of this land was later sold or otherwise lost to the Six Nations. The Upper Grand River. 6 days ago. The source of the Ottawa River is Lake Capimitchigama in the Laurentian Mountains, approximately 240 km north of Ottawa and 290 km northwest of Montreal. , With a watershed area of 7,000 square kilometres (2,700 sq mi), the Grand River flows from Dundalk to Lake Erie with numerous tributaries flowing into it:, The Conestogo River joins the Grand at the village of Conestogo just north of Waterloo. Agricultural pollutants include cattle feces, urine, fertilizers, and pesticides. That way, as you are rafting, you have less chance of having to get out and pull your raft/canoe over the shallower parts. Since the French worked closely with their Native allies in the acquisition of fur and trading of European goods for it, they went only where the natives resided. After the desolation of the Neutral tribe, the Iroquois Confederacy used the Grand River Valley as a hunting ground and trapping territory. In southern Ontario, the Grand River winds scenically southward past high bluffs and wide floodplains.  Much of the basin is flat, and it contains many swamps and lakes. Literally every species of fish that inhabits Southern Ontario can be caught in the river system. The anglicized form of the French name has remained in common use. Neutral descendants are among the people now known as the Seneca in Oklahoma. The picnic area is at the end point where your vehicle is parked. The watershed crosses four climate zones: Dundalk Upland, Huron Slopes, South Slopes and Lake Erie counties. Download a Reservoir operationsfactsheet to learn more about how we manage the dams and reservoirs (PDF). The Welland River (originally called the Chippawa Creek) is a river in the Golden Horseshoe that passes through the Southern Ontario cities of Welland and Niagara Falls. The paddle is through a pristine wilderness setting, no stores along the way. From the rural areas and small towns of the Otta… The Grand River flows south-south-east. The Grand River has been designated as a Canadian Heritage River, both for its rich history and ecological importance. Listed below is a description of the tools and information you can access via GRIN. The Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation have a population of about 2,500 people, many living "off reserve". The area's rich history is reflected in the watershed's historic sit… A number of conservation areas have been established along the river, and are managed by the Grand River Conservation Authority. The Wyandot, another distinct Iroquoian-speaking nation, who resided northeast of the Grand River valley, had long competed to remain independent of their enemy the Iroquois Confederacy, a powerful alliance of five nations based around the Great Lakes in the present central and western New York state area. Dave Rogalsky | Eastern Canada Correspondent . A similar number of members live "off reserve". In 1784, the British Crown gave Six Nations the Haldimand Tract – land "six miles deep" on each side of the Grand River. It drains an area of 712 mi² (1844 km²). It was during this warfare that the Iroquois attacked the Jesuit outpost of Sainte-Marie among the Hurons. GRIN guides you to various interactive viewing and data download tools to help you quickly find the information you need. Cities, towns and villages make up about five per cent of the land. Six Nations Wildlife Management has assumed a role in caring for the Grand River's more sluggish, lower reaches. The Grand River watershed covers an area approximately the size of Prince Edward Island and is managed by the Grand River Conservation Authority, the oldest water management authority in Canada. Step Into Nature at Ontario’s Conservation Areas. This grant was confirmed, and its conditions defined, by a patent under the Great Seal, issued by Lieutenant Governor Simcoe, and bearing date January 14, 1793...The original extent of the tract was 694,910 acres, but the greater part of this has been since surrendered to the Crown, in trust, to be sold for the benefit of these tribes. Today but a small portion remains under Six Nations control. The province’s longest river flowing entirely within southern Ontario boundaries is a 174-mile-long designated Canadian Heritage River. In 1784 the British Crown awarded to the Six Nations the "Haldimand Tract", a tract of land "six miles deep from each side of the river beginning at Lake Erie and extending in that proportion to the [source] of the said river. COVID 19. Warfare throughout the frontier of the Mohawk Valley had resulted in massacres and atrocities on both sides, aggravating anti-Iroquois feelings among the colonists. Because the watershed is an ecosystem with natural borders, it includes and crosses many municipal boundaries and can be considered a transitional area between Southwestern Ontario and the Golden Horseshoe region that surrounds the west end of Lake Ontario. The dam, completed in 1942, is commonly referred to as Shand Dam, named for a local family who were displaced by filling of the dam's reservoir, Lake Belwood. About a million people live within the watershed, with most residing in the larger urban areas of Kitchener, Waterloo, Guelph, Cambridge and Brantford. Six Nations of the Grand River, Ontario, Canada (43.05225-80.11192) Coordinates : 42.97934 -80.24329 43.13079 -79.97663 - Minimum elevation : 189 m - Maximum elevation : 263 m - Average elevation : 215 … It has moving water with 7 easy swifts and rapids. A portion of this tract near Caledonia, Ontario is the basis for the 2006 Caledonia land dispute, in which the Six Nations filed a land claim with the government. over a year ago And some smaller portions have been either granted in fee simple to purchasers with the assent of the Indians, or have been alienated by the chiefs upon leases; which, although legally invalid, the government did not at the time consider it equitable or expedient to cancel. The Grand River watershed is the largest in southern Ontario and includes all the land drained by the Grand River and its tributaries. The Grand River Conservation Authority assumes no responsibility for the correctness of the information contained in this website nor liability to any user of such information, regardless of the purpose. The 1846 Gazetteer relates the history of the First Nations of the area as follows: "In 1784, Sir F. Haldimand ... granted to the Six Nations and their heirs for ever, a tract of land on the Ouse, or Grand River, six miles in depth on each side of the river, beginning at Lake Erie, and extending to the head of the river. Fishing the Grand river in the upper sections. The Grand River starts in the Dufferin Highlands at an elevation of 525 metres (1,722 feet) above sea level.  It can be presumed that many of their descendants are still living there today.  The Eramosa River joins the Speed River in Guelph. They managed to avoid such bloodshed until the American Revolution (1775–83). In later wars between Britain and France, the Caughnawaga people, many of whom had converted to Catholicism, were allies of the French. Public tenders and requests for proposals, Four major rivers feed into the Grand: the Conestogo, Nith, Speed and Eramosa, The combined length of all of the rivers and streams is about 11,000 kilometres. One of the scenic and spectacular features of the river is the falls and Gorge at Elora. Environment and Climate Change Canada plays a role in the Provincial Flood Warning System through the Federal-Provincial Cost Share Agreement. Between Cambridge and Paris, the Grand River Forest runs along the river valley for 20 kilometres. After the American War of Independence, the Crown purchased land from the Mississaugas in Upper Canada to award as grants to Loyalist refugees as compensation for their property losses in the colonies. It is also an important staging area during bird migrations. (Photo by Dave Rogalsky) The community room at 50 Kent Ave. in Kitchener had standing room only on Oct. 26, … A portion of the funding for this data collection network is provided by the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry. They were later given the name "Neutral Nation" by European settlers, as they refused to side with either the French or the English during their conflicts in the area. The GRCA offers a variety of maps and data resources directly from the Grand River Information Network (GRIN) website. Hikers sit on the bank, taking a break to breathe in some tranquility.  In 1674 identifiable groups of Neutrals were recorded among its population. Apart from large numbers of Tuscarora and Oneida, who mainly allied with the American colonists, the other four nations of the Iroquois Confederacy sided with the British during the American War of Independence. Prior to the most recent glaciation—the Laurentide—an earlier river flowed through a gorge roughly parallel to the current Grand River. The Grand River valley has been home to Indigenous peoples for more than 10,000 years. Critical flows. Its watershed is the second-largest in the state, draining an area of 5,572 square miles (14,430 km 2), including 18 counties and 158 townships. The river owes its size to the unusual fact that its source is relatively close to the Georgian Bay of Lake Huron, yet it flows southwards to Lake Erie, rather than westward to the closer Lake Huron or northward to Georgian Bay (most southern Ontario rivers flow into the nearest Great Lake, which is why most of them are small), thus giving it more distance to take in more water from tributaries. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the region attracted waves of immigrants to its fertile lands: Scots and Irish in the north, Mennonites and Germans in the central area and United Empire Loyalists in the south. The Iroquois were unwelcome in the newly created nation. It also lies along the western fringe of the Greater Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario which overlaps the eastern portion of southwestern Ontario, sometimes referred to as Midwestern Ontario, along the length of this river. The Grand Valley Dam, located near the village of Belwood, helps to control the flow of water, especially during periods of spring flooding. If you are traveling with a canine member of the family, this is a wonderful spot to spend a few days. The river's mostly rural character (even when flowing through the edges of Waterloo and Kitchener), ease of access and lack of portages make it a desirable canoeing location, especially the stretch between West Montrose and Paris. The Grand River is an Ontario heritage river. It ranks No. From Lake Timiskaming, the river flows southeast to Ottawa and Gatineau, where it tumbles over Chaudière Falls … The Nith River joins the Grand in Paris.. Extensively renovated in 2018 with quality... realtor.ca . It's home to close to one million people and includes the cities of Brantford, Cambridge, Guelph, Kitchener and Waterloo. Six Nations is the most populous First Nation in Canada, with about 13,000 residents living on an 18,800 hectare territory near Brantford. River levels and flows can change rapidly. Fishing in the Grand River is very popular. The Grand River starts in the highlands in Dufferin County and travels about 310 km before emptying into Lake Erie. Warning! Evidence of the "buried gorge" of the previous river has been found when wells have been drilled. This is the premier brown trout river in Ontario and is a fly fisherman’s dream. At 6,800 square kilometres, it's about the same size as the province of Prince Edward Island. The consensus is that the Seneca and the Mohawk nations of the Iroquois destroyed the smaller Neutral tribe in the 17th century, in the course of attacking and severely crippling the Huron/Wyandot. Big brown trout will rise up for size 18 to 22 dry flies and will gorge themselves on nymphs 10 feet from you. The Grand River watershed is the largest in southern Ontario and includes all the land drained by the Grand River and its tributaries. The importance of the watershed (7000 square kilometers or 2600 square miles) has been recognized by the designation of the Grand as a Canadian Heritage River. Throughout the 19th century, many Anglo-Canadian settlements developed along the Grand within former Six Nations territory, including Waterloo, Berlin (now Kitchener), Cambridge, Paris, Brantford, Caledonia, Dunnville and Port Maitland. This chart will help you understand the significance of various flows levels. The river traces a westward arc through lakes and reservoirs including Dozois Reservoir, Grand lac Victoria, Lac Granet, Decelles Reservoir, Lac Simard and Lake Timiskaming. The river averages about 1 meter in depth with 2 meter deep pools in this section. We recommend updating your browser to its most recent version at your earliest convenience. From its source near Wareham, Ontario, it flows south through Grand Valley, Fergus, Elora, Waterloo, Kitchener, Cambridge, Paris, Brantford, Caledonia, and Cayuga before emptying into the north shore of Lake Erie south of Dunnville at Port Maitland. Via Lake Erie, the Niagara River and Lake Ontario, it is part of the watershed of the St. Lawrence River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean.  Simcoe failed because the name Grand River had been in common usage for some time by then.. Its watershed is the largest in Southern Ontario, flowing from the headwaters in Dundalk to Lake Erie. Ontario’s 36 Conservation Authorities collectively own and operate over 500 Conservation Areas with a total area of more than 150,000 hectares, making Conservation Authorities one of the largest property owners in the Province. Ontario’s Grand River is the largest of the Great Lakes tributaries that flow through the South Central part of the province. But, most of the time, its pace is calm and its surface flatter than the fields of the prosperous farms that flank it. We don't know about accommodation, as we are guests in a private home, but we have enjoyed some wonderful small town experiences, including karaoke night at the Sidelines pub. Historical accounts differ on exactly how the Neutral tribe was wiped out. Tel: 519-621-2761. The river reaches great depths of nearly 460 feet in some places. Even after the English conquered New France in 1760 during the Seven Years' War, the Grand River Valley remained largely unoccupied and largely uncharted. 7578 36/37 nottawasaga sideroad, nottawa, Ontario l0m1p0 . In the 19th century, many new immigrants came to Upper Canada from England, Scotland, Ireland and Germany seeking opportunity. For indigenous people, who called it O:se Kenhionhata:tie or Willow River, the river itself was an important thoroughfare. The Grand Valley Trail stretches 275 km along the river's valley between the town of Dundalk and Lake Erie. Ontario . The watershed includes 39 municipalities and two First Nations territories. Phil Monture, Six Nations land claims researcher, speaks at 50 Kent Avenue in Kitchener, Ont., on Oct. 26, about the Haldimand Tract that was promised to Six Nations in the late 1700s. As a result, parts of the site may not function properly for you. During the 18th century, the French colonists named it Grande-Rivière. The watershed is also an intensive agricultural area, with farms making up about 70 per cent of the watershed. It was also called Brant's Town. Because different nations were on different sides in this war, it was difficult for the Iroquois nations to adhere to the Great Law of Peace and avoid killing each other. Other descendants of the Neutrals may have joined the Mingo, a loose confederacy of peoples who moved west in the 1720s, fleeing lands invaded by Iroquois, and settled in present-day Ohio. The Iroquois League in New York then was neutral or sided with the British. The Mingo were among tribes who later fought the Americans in the Northwest Indian Wars for the Ohio Valley (1774–95). Grand River - Ontario Canada. Nestled in the heartland of the most populated part of Canada, the Grand River is important for recreation and tourism. Its upper reaches are known for world-class fishing for brown trout; paddling is popular all along the river; and the most extensive system of hiking trails in Ontario winds along its banks. $ 1,549,000 . In 1792, Simcoe tried to change the name of Grande Riviere to Ouse, after a river in England and the Thomas Ridout map of 1821 shows "Grand R or Ouse". In some cases, only a portion of the municipality is within the Grand River watershed. 4 in the province behind the Ottawa, St. Lawrence and Albany. Others followed from around the world. The Six Nations of Grand River are seeking compensation as well as an accounting of what happened to their property, money and other assets in southwestern Ontario, within the Haldimand Tract. Rather than finding water-bearing bedrock at a depth of a dozen metres or less, the path of the buried gorge can be found with overburden of dozens of metres. After the war, Six Nations leader Joseph Brant appealed to the British Crown for help, as they had promised aid for allies. ( videos compliments of Dave Barrett from Fly Fish Ontario) Vince on the Grand River with a Beautiful Brown Trout. The Grand River drainage basin is approximately 6000 square kilometers of both warm and cold water streams that are inhabited by a large population of freshwater species. Leave the hustle and bustle of city roads behind you. The Grand River watershed is home to the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory and the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation. When you do the rafting trip, you are given a map with a white line that shows the deepest parts of the river. The Niagara River (/ n aɪ ˈ æ ɡ ər ə / ny-AG-ər-ə) is a river that flows north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.It forms part of the border between the province of Ontario in Canada (on the west) and the state of New York in the United States (on the east). They first settled at what is present-day Brantford, where Brant crossed, or ‘forded’ the Grand River. It crosses two forest regions: the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence and Deciduous (commonly called the Carolinian forest). Loyalists from New York, New England and the South were settled in this area, as the Crown hoped they would create new towns and farms on the frontier. During the 1840s, they were among the tribes removed to Oklahoma and Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Luther Marsh, a 52-square-kilometre wetland on the upper Grand, is one of the largest inland wetlands in southern Ontario and provides habitat for waterfowl, including least bittern and black tern, and amphibians. Report Ad. From Lake Timiskaming, it flows southeast, growing broad and forceful, widening into marshy lakes before constricting into turbulent rapids. Caught in between, the Neutrals paid dearly for their refusal to ally. Lane writes that the Grand was more than 100 feet deep in places. The Grand River watershed consists of all the land that drains into the Grand River through tributary creeks and rivers such as the Conestogo, Speed, Eramosa, Irvine and Nith rivers. It was later renamed as Ouse River by John Graves Simcoe for the River Great Ouse near his childhood home in Lincolnshire on the east coast of England.
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