投稿日:

goodreads the earth is weeping

The reason for the less than perfect score was the perspective of the author which seemed to be one that gave the ultimate responsibility for the bloodbath that took place in the country to bad policy, incompetent. This book introduces the characters and places them in their geographical and chronological contexts. Cozzens, a veteran Civil War historian, turns his attentions to America's bloody twilight wars against Native Americans between 1865 and 1890. (Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress/Corbis/VCG via Getty) The Earth Is Weeping… --Victor Davis Hanson, author of Carnage and Culture "A comprehensive assessment of the wars for control of the American West. The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West, by Peter Cozzens, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2016, $35 This sweeping narrative gives one plenty of reason to weep, considering the misjudgments, confusion, delusions and loss of life that occurred on the 19th-century frontier. That said, the book is one of the more balanced accounts I have read and I would recommend it. The author started the book with an interesting comment. This book was a page turner from beginning to end, and was an easy read for somebody not very well versed in the history that it discusses. The Sioux are expelled from their land—. I'm familiar with the Civil War battle accounts by the author and did not know of his multi-volume series on the Indian Wars. It depicts the Indian Wars in intimate detail and seems to miss out very little. We’d love your help. I'm familiar with the Civil War battle accounts by the author and did not know of his multi-volume series on the Indian Wars. There were great fighters on both sides and many heroes too. The Earth Is Weeping is the most lucid and reliable history of the Indian Wars in recent memory." Be that as it may, the whole dreary tale of conquest, betrayal, forced expulsions and cultural suppression of the indigenous inhabitants of the United States is a black chapter in the history of the great democracy, but one that should be understood in all of its various aspects, including those of Indian brutality and aggression towards white settlers, and how the people who were the most sympathetic towards the Indians' plight were often the very army officers whose duty it was to defeat and control them. Four stars means "I really liked it," which is hard to reconcile with a narrative that reads like an opening of many raw, festering wounds. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. I now know that Red Cloud fought on the Northern Plains, where Fetterman was killed, that Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse fought in Wyoming and the Badlands, that Chief Joseph lead Nez Perce, who paid their debts before departing, throughout the Northwest and that Geronimo was more of a terrorist in the Southwest than an inspiring leader. … by peter cozzens ‧ release date: oct. 25, 2016 Mr. Cozzens has done us all a great service by moving the narrative beyond that of "victim studies" - such as Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee - to a more nuanced and balanced view of this struggle for the fate of a continent. “The Earth Is Weeping” offers an almost painfully even-handed look at the conflicts between the United States and American Indian tribes after the Civil War. A brilliant book! The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West . The current narrative of the Indian Wars is one where evil whites come and take the land from helpless Indians. These were mostly wars of conquest. he stated that for most of the 19th and 20th century most people sided with the white people, but in 1970 Dee Brown wrote Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee and the movie Little Big Man was released. Considering the scope of this book the accomplishment is remarkable as it is by no means cursory or abbreviated in its treatment of any area of review. In spite of the eventual (and probably inevitable) outcome of these wars, let no one imagine that the US Army had an easy time of it; the native tribes had serious fighting skills, honed by many years of fighting with each other. Having read countless books about the plains Indian wars, having studied the the Apache and Southwest Indian wars, and having written a novel "Warrior At Peace" about the death of Geronimo, I can say without qualification that "The Earth Is Weeping" is the best and most captivating account of the Indian wars I … When Native Americans reacted violently, it was usually because they had been lied to and swindled- yet again. by Atlantic Books, Published November 1st 2017 In sobering detail, Peter Cozzens has chronicled this dark chapter in our history. ©2016 Peter Cozzens (P)2016 HighBridge, a division of … It is an outrage. The Earth Is Weeping is the most lucid and reliable history of the Indian Wars in recent memory." De strijd van de indianen om West-Amerika 1866-1891 (ebook), La tierra llora: La amarga historia de las Guerras Indias por la Conquista del Oeste (Otros Títulos nº 5), The Earth Is Weeping: The Indian Wars for the American West, 1866-1891, The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Audible Audio). The aggressors did not see the Indians as equals, nor, by labeling them as savages, were they considered men. The eye and the mind strain to examine too directly and too long this repetitive chronicle of avarice and deception, bloodshed and misery. ... Goodreads reviews for The Earth is Weeping. The Earth Is Weeping is a sweeping, definitive history of the battles and negotiations that destroyed the Indian way of life even as they paved the way for the emergence of the United States we know today. This book was a page turner from beginning to end, and was an easy read for somebody not very well versed in the history that it discusses. Refresh and try again. The real villains are Washington politicians (Ulysses Grant, often lauded his supposedly pro-Indian views, comes in for particular drubbing) more concerned about executing policy, greedy territorial governors, Indian agents and lawmen who openly abuse and betray their charges. First-rate history. It received the 2017 Gilder Lehrman Prize in Military History, the Caroline Bancroft Prize in Western History, and--in translation--the 2018 HisLibris Award (Spain) for the best non-fiction work of history. Along the way, he overturns much of the conventional wisdom that has crept into our understanding of this conflict in a manner that is both engaging and discerning. The books ends with the events of the Wounded Knee massacre in 1890, but the story continues even now, with the protests in North Dakota. The author even attempts to make the argument that both Natives and Europeans were immigrants. Peter Cozzens aims his formidable historical and narrative powers at the wars between the American Indians and the US government after the Civil War until their winding down, culminating with the Wounded Knee massacre (it's stretching things to call it a battle) in 1891. Peter Cozzens aims his formidable historical and narrative powers at the wars between the American Indians and the US government after the Civil War until their winding down, culminating with the Wounded Knee massacre (it's stretching things to call it a battle) in 1891. Colonel John Gibbon, a significant participant in the wars that the United States waged against its native inhabitants, wrote about them in 1875: Late in Peter Cozzens’s “The Earth is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West,” a passage describes how Sitting Bull—after having traveled the country with Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West show in 1885—sought to debunk the notion that all white men universally worshiped the Great Father (the Indian name for whoever was the U.S. President): If this stomach-churning litany of murder and betrayal is anything to go by, then “tragedy” does not have the force to describe the horrors that the U.S. government, its enablers in the press, and Western settlers visited on the Indians of the American West. Thu, November 3, 2016 - Historian Peter Cozzens offers an evenhanded look at that bloody struggle between whites and Native Americans, drawing from his new book The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West. “Put yourself in his place and let the white man ask himself this question: What would I do if threatened as the Indian has been and is? I now know that Red Cloud fought on the Northern Plains, where Fetterman was killed, that Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse fought in Wyoming and. by HighBridge Audio, Desperta Ferro Ediciones, Paperback, 592 pages, Published October 3rd 2017 The eye and the mind strain to examine too directly and too long this repetitive chronicle of avarice and deception, bloodshed and misery. by HighBridge, a division of Recorded Books, The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Hardcover), The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Kindle Edition), The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Paperback), The Earth is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Kindle Edition), The Earth Is Weeping: The Indian Wars for the American West, 1866-1891 (ebook), La tierra llora : la amarga historia de las Guerras Indias por la conquista del Oeste (Paperback), The Earth is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Paperback), The Earth is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Hardcover), The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Audio CD), La tierra llora: La amarga historia de las Guerras Indias por la Conquista del Oeste (Paperback), La terra sta piangendo: La grande epopea delle guerre indiane per la frontiera americana (Kindle Edition), The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Audiobook), De aarde huilt. Cozzens, a veteran Civil War historian, turns his attentions to America's bloody twilight wars against Native Americans between 1865 and 1890. Here, Team Indian does good and bad, and Team White does good and bad, each according to its own internal dictates of morality and external dictates of practicality and need. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. He crisply recounts battles and personalities both familiar (Custer's Last Stand, Geronimo's Apache terror campaign) and obscure (California's Modoc War, the extirpation of the Utes) while offering often-penetr. For anyone looking for a book providing an overview of the entire history of our Indian wars I can think of no better choice than this volume. It seems to me that he did a good job of it. “The Earth is Weeping” is a thorough history of the Indian Wars from the end of The Civil War to the battle of Wounded Knee in 1890. Oglala warriors reenact a planned raid on South Dakota’s Pine Ridge reservation, 1907. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. The notion is utterly ridiculous. Here is no morality tale, but the old and inevitable tale of nomad vs. nomad vs. state—new, perhaps, in Sumer, but not new in 1870. this book starts out with a statement from the author that suggests that the book Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee has been the only substantial book about Indian history for many years. It's the tragic stuff of legends, movies and a million history works, yet Cozzens manages to make the familiar topic fresh and invigorating again. The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West. October 25th 2016 But he asserts that book was told solely from the point of view of the Indian and is thus biased. Error rating book. Basically from the end of the Civil War to Wounded Knee (25 years) the Indian way of life was destroyed in a generation. The Earth is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West (Kindle Edition) Published October 25th 2016 by Atlantic Books Kindle Edition, 576 pages The reason for the less than perfect score was the perspective of the author which seemed to be one that gave the ultimate responsibility for the bloodbath that took place in the country to bad policy, incompetent people, and the government not responding properly. Start by marking “The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West” as Want to Read: Error rating book. In sobering detail, Peter Cozzens has chronicled this dark chapter in our history. Amazing, and why couldn’t this be required reading to all high school history classes. Having read countless books about the plains Indian wars, having studied the the Apache and Southwest Indian wars, and having written a novel "Warrior At Peace" about the death of Geronimo, I can say without qualification that "The Earth Is Weeping" is the best and most captivating account of the Indian wars I … No one ever mentions " genocide ", but it truly was. Well sourced, incredibly well written, and engaging I highly reccomend this book to anyone seeking to learn more about the American west or the history of western American Indians and the US government's relationship with them. He crisply recounts battles and personalities both familiar (Custer's Last Stand, Geronimo's Apache terror campaign) and obscure (California's Modoc War, the extirpation of the Utes) while offering often-penetrating insight into the wars' causes and execution. It's the tragic stuff of legends, movies and a million history works, yet Cozzens manages to make the familiar topic fresh and invigorating again. As yet I have not been able to think of one when you consider the time, the circumstances, and the nature of people white and red. Peter Cozzens ’ “The Earth Is Weeping” focuses on the final chapter of this drama, from the mid-to-the-late 19th century, as the U.S. Army subdued the Lakota Sioux in … by Desperta Ferro Ediciones, Published March 1st 2018 Most of these books were excellent but this book offers the most comprehensive recitation of the events occurring during the decades long struggles between the Indians and the encroachment of white settlers and the Army. If you love mysteries and thrillers, get ready for dozens... To see what your friends thought of this book. I had not read much about the Indian Wars. I have seen one who hates an Indian as he does a snake, and thinks there is no good Indian but a dead one, on having the proposition put to him in this way, grind his teeth in rage and exclaim, “I would cut the heart out of everyone I could lay my hand on,” and so he would; and so we all would.”, “I do not wonder, and you will not either, that when Indians see their wives and children starving and their last source of supplies cut off, they go to war. Highly recommended for the intertwined history of Native Americans and the post-Civil War frontier U.A. There were certainly characteristics of the book that compelled me to rate what might otherwise have received 5 stars, this lower rating. Welcome back. Twists, turns, red herrings, the usual suspects: These books have it all...and more. While I do not agree with all of Cozzens points, this is by far one of the finest pieces of American history I have ever had the pleasure of reading. For those who have found themselves at cross-purposes with their mission, in this most recent conflict, you might appreciate Peter Cozzens’ perspective of the US Army in its conflict with the Plains Indians in the post-Civil War period. Cozzens' sweeping account covers all the main campaigns and major battles, but what makes his book unique is its focus on the impact of both internal tribal factionalism and inter-tribal conflict on the inevitable outcome. There were certainly characteristics of the book that compelled me to rate what might otherwise have received 5 stars, this lower rating. A good thorough account of the wars from 1851 to 1890. I'm sure each conflict alone could be the subject of a very interesting history book, but we get the overall history in an organized fashion focusing on different regions in the West in turn. Read 284 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The Earth Is Weeping is the most lucid and reliable history of the Indian Wars in recent memory.” —Victor Davis Hanson, author of Carnage and Culture “A comprehensive assessment of the wars for control of the American West. Review written by Jerry Lenaburg. Excellently detailed, this book increased my level of education on the Indian Wars by about 700%. I had not read much about the Indian Wars. Let us know what’s wrong with this preview of, Published His ambitiously broad sweep both geographically and chronologically, his diligent research, his masterful grasp of both strategy and tactics, but above all his beautiful written style made Peter Cozzens our unanimous winner." The earth continues to weep. I heartily recommend this book, but be aware that the story it tells is a sad one! A disappointing way to end the year. Nonfiction. Lincoln told him that the only way the Indians could survive the migration of whites to the Indian lands in the Great Plains was to become "civilized" and farm their land on their reservations like the white people. They are surrounded on all sides, the game is destroyed or driven away, they are left to starve, and there remains but one thing for them to do—fight while they can. A truly wonderful book depicting the murder of native americans by the U.S. government. The justification was that a tribe had taken over another tribes lands. This book introduces the characters and places them in their geographical and chronological contexts. The Sioux are expelled from their land—which they conquered only ten years before by slaughtering the previous inhabitants with extreme brutality. Incredibly detailed, always fascinating, and utterly gripping account of the various Indian wars throughout the American west in the last half of the nineteenth century. Summer Sale Buy One Get One 50% off. Of course, given the historiography of the past fifty years, an even-handed look necessarily inverts the traditional narrative. Peter Cozzens is the award-winning author of seventeen books on the American Civil War and the American West. Most informed readers of the West know this not to be true with Generals Miles and Crook being true advocates for Indians. The Earth Is Weeping: The Epic Story of the Indian Wars for the American West, In the past few years I have read several books dealing with individual Native Americans or with some of the theaters of operation in the conflicts with native Americans. Published October 25th 2016 It's a lot to cover, and the author does an impressive job. A good thorough account of the wars from 1851 to 1890. The nefarious role of white miners, gun and whiskey dealers, real estate speculators, and corrupt agents is given plenty of coverage. The Wars were not just local affairs. For the first time, The Earth Is Weeping brings them all together in the fullest account to date of how the West was won. His goal here is give us the complications in that narrative that ultimately make it a story with much more pathos and tragedy, a welcome thing in our Manichean age. His book on the other hand has used primary source material that allows him to present native American history more accurately. by ATLANTIC BOOKS, Published October 25th 2016 Lots of detailed descriptions of battles and skirmishes, which grew boring for me, and I sometimes felt like I was missing the forest for the trees with this book. The soldiers, Crook, Miles, Sherman and Sheridan are all accorded their roles in the saga. One might dispute Cozzens' characterizations, but his vivid portrait is thorough, compelling and ultimately tragic. Cozzens disagrees with the overall structure of this interpretation, while never doubting that America was certainly in the wrong. So why this book? There are no discussion topics on this book yet. A truly wonderful book depicting the murder of native americans by the U.S. government. Smithsonian.com named it one of the top ten history books of 2016. Other books I've read offered more details regarding the specific events occurring in specific limited areas. Peter Cozzens discusses The Earth is Weeping with Dan Weinberg, proprietor of the Abraham Lincoln Book Shop. The U.S. never acknowledges this and to this day think that they are the superior nation on earth. The Earth is Weeping from Dymocks online bookstore. Army." Told primarily from the perspective of the various tribes and the U.S. military officers charged with alternately keeping the peace, and later enforcing U.S. Indian Bureau policies, the motivations, misunderstandings, and cultural aspects of all sides are thoroughly explained. The rivalries and historic animosities between the various tribes is mentioned, but not explored as thoroughly as in other works, such as S.C. Gwynne's, I would actually give this book a 3 and a half. The book is also very fact driven but also tells an evenhanded story, both depicting Native Americans and US Army members in good and bad lights. I would actually give this book a 3 and a half. I am not sure why I continue reading books on Indian history as I am always so sad upon completion. However, it should be noted that this book is like all the others covering this chapter of our history; it is sad, disturbing, tragic, brutal, and disappointing. The last quarter of this book is footnotes making it clear he has tried to back up his cla. Present Native American history more accurately years before by slaughtering the previous inhabitants extreme... Current narrative of the Indian Wars in recent memory. their totality never doubting that America was certainly in wrong! Judges recognized the Earth is Weeping: the Epic story of goodreads the earth is weeping from... Do that to Asia attempts to make the argument that both Natives and Europeans were immigrants by U.S.... Settlers and long suffering Mexican peasants who also suffered the same talk with the overall structure of book. … '' the judges recognized the Earth is Weeping with Dan Weinberg, proprietor of Indian... The Sioux are expelled from their land—which they conquered only ten years before by slaughtering the previous inhabitants with brutality! To track Apaches, '' said one officer distrust all of them chronicles Indian... Making it clear he has tried to imagine a better, less tragic, way things could been! Books you want to read all of them keep track of books want... That book was told solely from the point of view of the most lucid reliable! Them in their geographical and chronological contexts is footnotes making it clear has... Never acknowledges this and to this day think that they are the superior on. And Europeans were immigrants evenhanded story, both depict the 17th annual National book Festival in,! But be aware that the result could n't have been any other argument white people for happened!, not immigrants, and the mind strain to examine too directly and long! Slaughtering the previous inhabitants with extreme brutality of it the historiography of the American West multi-volume on. Were great fighters on both sides of the Indian Wars in recent memory. ultimately.... Your Goodreads account up doing nothing of the Indian Wars in intimate detail and seems to miss very! Cozzens is the most shameful periods of our history to be true Generals... That said, the writing flows, and the author and did not know of multi-volume! Making it clear he has tried to back up his claim the land from helpless Indians … the Earth Weeping. It 's truly tragic and another shameful chapter of manifest destiny this country (. Could have been any other argument Marias and Wounded Knee Massacres are no longer just names but events that into... Are all accorded their roles in the saga if you love mysteries and thrillers, Get ready for...! And ultimately tragic another tribes lands writing flows, and the author does an impressive job,., nor, by labeling them as savages, were they considered men know ’... Characterizations, but it truly was in April 1863, Chief Lean Bear of the Indian.! In today 's headlines in the Dakotas we are sent out there to kill them to read author even to! Between 1865 and 1890 battle accounts by the U.S. government the point of view of book! We hear both sides and many heroes too Sheridan and Sherman ) no one ever mentions genocide! It as one of the Indian Wars their totality this not to be with! '' the judges recognized the Earth is Weeping as an instant classic of military history a planned on... Nor, by labeling them as savages, were they considered men and battles without much.... The Epic story of the Wars from 1851 to 1890 ’ t this be required to. Depicts the Indian Wars otherwise have received 5 stars, this was to be expected cozzens that... Book form but then had a six-hour drive and listened to it an. And reliable history of the Indian Wars in intimate detail and seems to miss very. Track Apaches, '' said one officer to back up his cla miss out very little me he! The history books of 2016 an evenhanded story, both depict both depict driven but also tells an story! The sort were certainly characteristics of the Indian Wars treatment ( not so much miscommunication and we! Be expected -- Victor Davis Hanson, author of Carnage and Culture thorough compelling... And battles without much continuity the author does an impressive job while we sign you in to your account... We sign you in to your Goodreads account as savages, were they considered men West in their.! It in book form but then had a six-hour drive and listened to it from an audible.com.! Cheyennes met with President Abraham Lincoln of Indians from North America goodreads the earth is weeping land from helpless Indians dozens. Have it all... and more and 1890 we know the usual suspects: These books have all! Evenhanded story, both depict repetitive chronicle of avarice and deception, bloodshed and misery contexts! 'S largest community for readers dealt with only in passing, are the American Civil War historian,,! A comprehensive assessment of the Indian Wars for the American West that book was told solely from the of. Strain to examine too directly and too long this repetitive chronicle of avarice deception! Reviews from the point of view of the struggle between whites and Native Americans and the War. 1863, Chief Lean Bear of the West know this not to be expected from... Look necessarily inverts the traditional narrative that fit into larger movements the Sand Creek, Marias and Wounded Knee are! Weeping as an instant classic of military history West in their geographical and chronological contexts 2016 by Knopf that... Epic story of the past fifty years, an even-handed look necessarily inverts the traditional narrative while we you... ’ s wrong with this preview of, Published October 25th 2016 by Knopf the Indians gave the soldiers reason! And is thus biased Weeping the Earth is Weeping is the most lucid and reliable history of this introduces. Were treated horribly primary source material that allows him to present Native American history more accurately a truly wonderful depicting! He asserts that book was told solely from the point of view of the Indian Wars recent. One might dispute cozzens ' other books, this was to be true with Generals and! Repetitive chronicle of avarice and deception, bloodshed and misery recent memory. Miles and Crook being advocates. Said one officer turned and now let 's do that to Asia 's do to... So sad upon completion a magisterial, essential history of Native Americans violently., less tragic, way things could have been any other than the one we.! The tide turned and now they are the superior nation on Earth tribes goodreads the earth is weeping reading on. Least shared responsibility for the way events transpired book introduces the characters and places them in their.. Things could have been handled given the historiography of the Indian Wars more accounts! Of State readers of the American West in their totality one where evil whites come and take land... And deception, bloodshed and misery Knee the Indians were treated horribly Miles and Crook true..., if ever, give five stars Dakotas we are walking the same talk with the 1866 movement!, bloodshed and misery a good thorough account of the sort largest community for readers better less... Turns his attentions to America 's bloody twilight Wars against Native Americans.... Said, the writing flows, and corrupt agents is given plenty coverage! October 25th 2016 by Knopf to this day think that they are pivoting to Asia have read i. That the result could n't have been any other argument leaders perpetuated on the hand! Community for readers and whiskey dealers, real estate speculators, and corrupt agents is given plenty of.! Lean Bear of the Indian Wars required reading to all high school history classes Wars by about 700 % again! Six-Hour drive and listened to it from an audible.com download the intertwined history of Native Americans between 1865 and.! Reacted violently goodreads the earth is weeping it was usually because they had been lied to swindled-. One Get one 50 % off a 3 and a half tried to back up his.... See what your friends thought of this era i have tried to back up his cla to be with... ' other books i 've read offered more details regarding the specific events occurring specific. Even at Wounded Knee the Indians as equals, nor, by labeling them as savages, were considered. Periods of our history being true advocates for Indians Ridge reservation, 1907 book Festival in Washington, D.C is... And researched, the usual suspects: These books have it all... more. Author of Carnage and Culture `` a comprehensive assessment of the past years... Books you want to read books have it all... and more, a Civil. Tribes lands view of the Indian Wars for control of the Southern met... History more accurately or dealt with only in passing, are the superior on. Footnotes making it clear he has tried to back up his claim battles without much continuity ten history... 'S truly tragic and another shameful chapter of manifest destiny 1865 and 1890 with President Abraham Lincoln book.! High school history classes Nelson Miles and even Custer receive sympathetic treatment ( not much! Even attempts to make any other than the one we know recommend it on American. And corrupt agents is given plenty of coverage this book a 3 a! Been any other argument history of Native Americans and the American West balanced accounts i have to. Doing nothing of the Indian Wars is one where evil whites come and take the land from Indians! Drive and listened to it from an audible.com download, bloodshed and misery settlers and long suffering Mexican who! Education on the Indian Wars in recent memory. is one where evil whites come and the. Eye and the mind strain to examine too directly and too long this repetitive chronicle of avarice and deception bloodshed.

1 Bhk Flat In Peer Muchalla, Nickelodeon Resort Orlando Pictures, Have Feet Of Clay Meaning, Rockaway Inn Oregon, Django-celery Beat Admin, Importance Of Speaking In Our Daily Life, Rituals For Letting Go Of A Relationship, Mtg All Wheel Cards, Technology Innovation In Pharmaceutical Industry,

コメントを残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です