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facts about mountain gorillas

He may stand upright, throw things, make aggressive charges, and pound his huge chest while barking out powerful hoots or unleashing a frightening roar. During the hike in search of these primates who exhibit human nature, you will learn more about the gorillas. Like all gorillas, the mountain gorilla is a large, powerful animal. Climate change also poses a threat: While gorillas are adaptive, moving to higher elevations to adapt to warmer temperatures, those areas are densely populated with little forest remaining. See the adorable bond young orphaned gorillas have with park rangers, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/m/mountain-gorilla.html. Here are a few interesting facts about mountain gorillas. Mountain gorillas are mainly herbivores and their diet consists mostly of leaves, shoots and stems. A loud hoot is given when silverbacks are interacting, chest beating and thrashing of trees is used to scare off opponents. Aside from the silver stripe on their backs, male mountain gorillas are distinguished from females because they have a crest of fur on their heads. During your visit to Volcanoes National Park, you can pay a tribute to the late Dian Fossey by visiting her grave at the Karisoke Research Centre. Behaviour Social structure. Prior to this time, only lowland gorillas were known to exist. Female gorillas give birth to one infant after a pregnancy of nearly nine months. These are Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The same applies to a member who wishes to leave the group yet other members like her; they often hold her legs and guard her from leaving the group. 17 Facts about Mountain Gorillas: There are several interesting things about gorillas and that’s why they are highly sought after by both the tourist and poachers. A group of Gorillas is called a band or troop each led by a dominant Silverback who is the adult male in the … Facts about Mountain Gorillas -Mountain Gorillas are the endangered primate species living in the dense tropical forests of Bwindi impenetrable forest and Mgahinga gorilla forest in south western Uganda, Bwindi impenetrable forest, harbours over half of the world population of the mountain gorillas and others can be seen in volcanoes national park in … Half of this number lives... 2. Mountain gorillas have longer hair and shorter arms than their lowland cousins. Today these great apes live in four gazetted national parks; Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda and three separate national parks the Virunga Mountains shared by Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda. And later his work was continued by Dian Fossey from 1967 she studied the behaviors of mountain gorillas for a period of over 18 years and her story has been made the subject of her film, Gorillas in the Mist. The primate contains about 95% to 98% of... 2. Much of their day is spent in play, climbing trees, chasing one another, and swinging from branches. Females weigh half that at about 90 kg ( 200 lb). The total population of mountain gorillas left in the world in estimated to be about 850. Bwindi is a large ancient tropical rain forest in South Western Uganda stretching on over 336 square kilometres. Facts about Male Mountain Gorillas (Silverbacks) The lifespan of a mountain gorilla is approximately 40 to 50 years old. Those who challenge this alpha male are apt to be cowed by impressive shows of physical power. They live in family groups with several individuals. The Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is the smallest of all the gorilla parks and protects the mountain gorillas that roam through Uganda. Male gorillas are considered mature when they begin to breed around the age of 15. Top10 facts about mountain gorillas 1. During this time, they are called black-backs. Habitat loss is a major threat: agriculture, illegal mining, and forest destruction for charcoal production have degraded their forests. Catching illnesses from humans is also a threat. Gorillas attack human beings rarely. With just as few as 1000 mountain gorillas left in the whole world, it is a global duty to preserve and protect threatened species for our future generations. If you love and care for our environment, you need to learn more about our gorillas who are our distant cousins. Many lightweight gorillas nest in trees, making beds of bent branches. 17 Strange Facts about Mountain Gorillas that you need to know 1. As they age, the black hair on their backs turns silver, giving them the name “silverback.” Mountain … Their hands and feet are a replica of those of humans. A vote of thanks should be given to the Late Dian Fossey, an American Iron lady who devoted all her life in protecting the mountain gorillas from poachers who exterminated most of Africa’s wildlife. They almost look exact inclusive of the thumbs and big toes. The hike to the centre takes about 8 hours and departs daily from Kinigi park headquarters at 8.00Am. Although strong and powerful, mountain gorillas are generally gentle and very shy. Summer in Africa is here and to celebrate, Scorpion Kings (DJ Maphorisa and Kabza De Small) have teamed up with pioneering Afro-pop singer, TRESOR... 10 Interesting Things to Know About Mountain Gorillas, Ganvie: the City Lake Known as “Africa’s Venice”, Meet the Chimpanzees in the Wild of Africa, Exploring Uganda’s Top Primates – Gorillas, Chimps & Golden Monkeys. As an endangered species that is so close to humans as far as genetics are concerned, gorillas are also one of tourism’s must-see attractions. below are the basic facts about mountain gorillas every traveler must understand before confirming any safari to Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. At night the animals make a nest to sleep in. A visit to the gorillas in their natural habitat can be an exciting expedition. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. where do mountain gorillas live If you want to see and interact with mountain gorillas, you must travel to the tropical rain forests of Bwindi impenetrable forest national park and the Virunga … They rarely take water because of... 3. There are so many ways you can get involved in this noble cause and one of the best ways is to spread the world about the much needed conservation of our brotherly giants. Fast Facts About Mountain Gorillas 1. Mountain gorilla also known as Gorilla beringei beringei and is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla. There are approximately 1000 species distributed between the Virunga Mountains and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest. The amazing efforts have led to the establishment of a safe gorilla haven in Africa. Fact 1 – Mountain gorillas are an endangered species with less than 1000 of them living. A gorilla’s arms are longer than its legs. Mountain gorillas are a subspecies of eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). The majority of mountain gorillas are habituated to human presence because of the tourism industry, and while there are strict sanitation protocols in place and touching the gorillas is prohibited, disease could spread quickly. Within all these parks, the gorillas roam freely through the forest. You have entered an incorrect email address! They also tend to be a bit larger than other gorillas and have shorter arms. The Volcanoes National Park of Rwanda is the most accessible of all the gorilla parks and it lies within a distance of just 3 hours drive from Kigali. They live in varying numbers of about 6-12 individuals with the Silverback as the dominant male with some females, infants and juveniles. Within the Virunga, the gorillas are protected in three separate national parks. Facts about Mountain Gorillas. There are approximately 420 mountain gorillas living in the Bwindi Forests of Uganda. Young gorillas, from three to six years old, remind human observers of children. You can visit and see the remaining living population of the mountain gorillas on a gorilla safari through the three countries of Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo. The mountain gorilla is a... 2. They will also feed on bark, roots, flowers, fruit and small insects. Lowland gorillas live in the forests of central and western Africa in Equatorial Guinea, Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. They often get caught in snares laid out to trap other animals for bushmeat. By international law capturing or killing a gorilla is illegal. Mountain Gorillas are endangered according to the IUCN Red List. Although they are still vulnerable to human disturbances, the mountain gorilla numbers have gradually increased through years of intensive conservation efforts. They live in two isolated groups Mountain gorillas are a subspecies of eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). Gorillas Share Human DNA. The vegetation at the bottom of their mountain home is dense but becomes more sparse as they climb higher. The park is home to several gorilla families and it is the leading destination for gorilla watching today. Mountain gorillas are said to have over 98.5% DNA similar to that of humans 3. 16) Gorillas are ground-dwelling animals that reside in tropical and subtropical forests. 2. Mountain gorillas differ from lowland gorillas in a way that they have longer hair and shorter arms than the lowland gorillas and tend to be larger. The mountain gorillas are 10th of the most endangered species in the world recorded to be only about 700 individuals in the world. Unlike their powerful parents, newborns are tiny—weighing four pounds—and able only to cling to their mothers' fur. These troops are organized according to fascinating social structures. Mountain gorillas are among the most fascinating animals that live in the forested wilderness of Africa. A trip to see the gorillas is so rewarding and for many have regarded it as being a tour worth while and for a life time. All rights reserved. Mountain Gorillas are among the most threatened primate species in the world today. This primatologist died on duty from the gunshots of poachers but her dream has lived on with the Dian Fossey Fund leading gorilla conservation in Africa. Mountain gorillas spend much of their time eating. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Facts about Mountain gorillas are some of the interesting features that a traveler should know before they decide to engage in the gorilla trekking activity. Mountain gorillas are the largest primates on earth whereby a mature male mountain gorilla can weigh about 390 pounds and about 240 – 250 pounds for the mature female mountain gorillas. This led to the rise of the gorilla population from as few as 720 mountain gorillas in the year 2009 to about 1005 individuals as per the latest census of 2018. Mountain gorillas feed on fresh vegetation like leaves, fruits, shoots and pith. Mountain gorillas live in Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on green, volcanic mountains. The mountain gorilla is a sub-species of the eastern gorilla. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categorizes the mountain gorillas as endangered species. A group of gorillas can have a territory of up to 16 square miles (41 square kilometers), acco… Their thick hair keeps them warm in cold mountain temperatures. There are about a thousand mountain gorillas remaining on Earth, and about half live in the forests of the Virunga mountains in central Africa. Mountain gorillas are one of the rarest animals in the world with their population below 1000. Troops are led by one dominant, older adult male, often called a silverback because of the swath of silver hair that adorns his otherwise dark fur. 1. In the thick forests of central and west Africa, troops find plentiful food for their vegetarian diet. Both genders have similar thick black hair covering their body. In captivity, gorillas have displayed significant intelligence and have even learned simple human sign language. There is no single gorilla in captivity. The gorillas are affected by the overwhelming costs of increased habitat loss, spread of dangerous diseases, and above all, poaching for bush meat and trade. Their main threat is poaching, civil wars, habitat loss, diseases, they are also sold as pets and animals for private zoos though conservation efforts have led to the increase of mountain gorillas.. These great apes were discovered in the 1902 by a German hunter Robert Von Beringe who had gone on a hunting expedition into the tropical rain forests of Central Africa. Mountain gorillas live in east-central Africa in just two isolated groups – one in... 3. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which sets the conservation status of species, changed their status from "crticially endangered" to "endangered" in 2008 as their numbers improved. AROUND 1,063 EXIST IN THE WILDThere are two species of gorilla: eastern and western. Fully-grown male mountain gorillas can weigh up to 180 kg (400 lb). Their food includes a variety of plants, along with a few insects and worms. These are Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda, Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and the Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This learning video for kids is the classroom edition of our Gorillas for Kids video. The Virunga National Park of Congo is the largest and it is known to host other wildlife that include chimpanzees. If you have ever seen one up close at a zoo, their intelligence is just extraordinary. Although their name implies that they simply live on mountains, mountain gorillas actually prefer forested mountains.Most of these animals can be found living on green volcanic slopes, which is their preferred habitat. When gorillas are afraid they send out a powerful scent from their glands. At this mountain gorilla orphanage in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Virunga National Park rangers live around the clock with four young gorillas whose parents were killed. These great apes can only survive in the montane forest home  and are protected by the international law for conservation. The population of Silverbacks are currently on a steady decline, and poachers are playing a major role in this. All the remaining mountain gorillas are found living in their natural home. Mountain Gorillas are one of nature’s largest primates! Humans share about 95- 99% DNA with the gorillas depending on what is included. These gorillas live on the green, volcanic slopes of Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo—areas that have seen much human violence from which the gorillas have not escaped unscathed. It is our duty to protect the animals from getting extinct and the mountain gorillas are also some of the animals that need serious attention. They are one of the largest living primates weighing about 150 Kilograms. Most mountain gorillas can be found in West and Central Africa. That is; they will decide on who the members of the group should comprise for instance, they are known to fight with a new member they are not willing to join the group until they keep her out of their group. Gorillas communicate using different mechanisms for instance; rumbling the stomach which means they are contented, an open mouth showing the lower and upper jaw means aggressions, a pig grunt of harsh staccato grunts often when complaining or disciplining, roaring or screaming is set when a gorilla is threatened. The remaining population is distributed to the remnant three national parks in the Virungas. The fact that they are endangered is not the key issue but the interesting things about them make the fact that they are just a few of them in the world left even more worrying. Mountain gorillas have been listed as endangered species but numbers are increasing with their protection. Interesting facts about mountain gorillas – Mountain Gorillas are the endangered primate species living in the dense tropical forests of Bwindi impenetrable forest and Mgahinga gorilla forest in south western Uganda, Bwindi impenetrable forest, harbours over half of the world population of the mountain gorillas and others can be seen in volcanoes national park in … The leader organizes troop activities like eating, nesting in leaves, and moving about in a home range of 0.75-to 16 square miles. Such great heights: Mountain gorillas roam the steep mountain forests of four national parks across Uganda, Rwanda, and Democratic Republic of the Congo, at elevations in the range of around 8,000 to 13,000 feet—about the same altitude from which a skydiver jumps out of a plane. Gorillas live in groups / families devoid of territorial boundaries with a family range of 2 to 15 square miles. 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