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did sparta have two kings

0 0. epic username. The common people had no say Clarification Sparta had two kings. The ancient Greek city of Sparta was ruled by two kings, one from each of the two founding families, Agaidai and Eurypontidae. Disallowed the Peloponnesus, Hercules embarked on a life of wandering. Although there are lists of the earlier purported Kings of Sparta, there is little evidence for the existence of any kings before the middle of the sixth century BC or so. Ancient Sparta was built on the banks of the Eurotas River, the largest river of Laconia, which provided it with a source of fresh water.The valley of the Eurotas is a natural fortress, bounded to the west by Mt. Some of the listed kings are hot-linked. It was even more unusual in that it had two kings simultaneously, who were called the archagetai,[n 1] coming from two separate lines. The purpose of having two kings was to … The dynasties themselves, however, were named after the twins' grandsons, the kings Agis I and Eurypon, respectively. A dyarchy, rather than a monarchy, effectively divided the strength of the kings and introduced a permanent tension and state of competition between the two houses. We have all heard about kingdoms divided between two princes, or about co-regencies of father and son, but one can hardly visualize a single state ruled by two sovereigns. Cynuria is said to have been colonized by. If the descent was not known or was scantily known, the Greeks made a few standard assumptions based on their cultural ideology. A list of Spartan kings and an insight into why the two kings became an institution in Sparta. They were there to call up the army and receive foreign envoys. Like Mycenaean kings in Greece, the Spartans had a political leader (the Eurypontidae kings) and a war leader (the Agaidai kings). For one, Sparta had two kings. 10 years ago. Kings of Sparta (Dictionary of Government). As the name of Atreus is attested in Hittite documents, this dynasty may well be protohistoric. Dual Kingship in Ancient Sparta By Georgia Connelly (King of Sparta), Josie Copley (King of Sparta) and Eloise Dwyer (Poor Peasant)..... Benefits of Dual Kingship What is Sparta? There was an Assembly. Favorite Answer. • Four villages along the Eurotas Intended to stop any king trying to overstay his wellcome. The Lelegid were the descendants of Lelex (a back-formation), ancestor of the Leleges, a Pelasgian tribe inhabiting the Eurotas valley before the Greeks, who, according to the mythological descent, amalgamated with the Greeks. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Favorite Answer. He must have been a king, who founded a dynasty of his name. 0 0. epic username. In his Histories, Herodotus explains to us how this dual kingship came about. Agiad people were treated as a tribe, presumed to have descended from an ancestor bearing its name. Almost immediately after the two boys were born Aristodemus croaked. Sparta was ruled by two hereditary kings. 7 Points to Know About Ancient Greek Government, Politics and the Political System of the Ancient Maya, The Ancient Spartans Had a Murderous Secret Police, Biography of Helen of Troy, Cause of the Trojan War, The Thirty Tyrants After the Peloponnesian War, King Leonidas of Sparta and the Battle at Thermopylae, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. These elder… 2 Answers. In time of peace, power was concentrated in a Senate of 30 members. The kings would lead armies into battle and attend religious ceremonies. The ancient Greek city of Sparta was ruled by two kings, one from each of … These kings working in partnership would share their duties, and by the nature of the dual leadership would keep the other king honest. Robert Drews (1983: 81) Sparta was insignificant during IR timeframe and already got a mission tree, unique events, and unique units due to 300 fanboys. Although not much is known about the kings — note how few of the kings listed below even have regnal dates — ancient historians have pieced together general information about how the government worked. This meant that the kings were not related to each other, but their titles were passed down to their sons. Parnon (1,935 m). Thus, battlefield success was a way for the dueling monarchs to one-up each other, according to historian Scott Rusch’s 2011 book Sparta at … High state policy decisions were discussed by this council who could then … Kingship was hereditary. I need the information for a History assignment. They were presumed to have been named after kings and divinities. Sparta was a dinarchy, under the rule of two consecutive kings along with nine 'ephors' and a council. The Spartan kings as Heracleidae claimed descent from Heracles, who through his mother was descended from Perseus. Why did Sparta have two kings? They were the supreme commanders of the army. Ancient Greeks named males after their fathers, producing a patronymic with the infix -id-; for example, the sons of Atreus were the Atreids. Sparta in time developed a system of dual kingship (two kings ruling at once). In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. Oligarchy Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia). Spartan kings received a recurring posthumous hero cult like that of the Doric kings of Cyrene. Oligarchy– Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia). For royal houses, the patronymic was formed from the name of the founder or of an early significant figure of a dynasty. There were five ephors who were elected annually and swore fealty to Sparta rather than the kings. By Alfred S. Bradford. The fact that 2 Spartan kings are not represented in-game is an unimportant issue IMO. Called Kings but elected. Spartan kings had royal reputation, first places in all, holding the biggest portion of lands. Sparta was ruled by two hereditary kings. Intended to stop any king trying to overstay his wellcome. The kings held little judicial or domestic power in Sparta, but each was considered an equal and supreme commander of the army during wartime, and had the power to declare war and lead the army in battle. Spartans had a very unique political system consisting of two kings who took care of the military affairs, region improvements, such as roads and bridges, and were important religious figures. Of the internal development of Sparta down to this time but little is recorded. The Constitution of Sparta had fair organs-the King, Jerusia, Appella and Ephor. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. Indeed the history of classical Sparta is rife with examples of the royal houses butting heads politically. The Brothers of the most Beautiful Woman= The Spartan Helen … The dynasty was named after its second king, Agis. Remarkable examples of this include the famed first Leonidas (ruled 490–480 BCE for the house of Agaidai), who traced his ancestry to Hercules and was featured in the movie "300". This meant that the kings were not related to each other, but their titles were passed down to their sons. The Achaean League annexed Sparta in 192 BC. Page, A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology, and Geography, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_kings_of_Sparta&oldid=995003059, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Briefly deposed while in exile avoiding trial, last Agiad, deposed by the Eurypontid Lycurgus, Actually an Agiad; installed by Cleomenes III, deposes the Agiad Agesipolis III and ruled alone, first regent for Pelops, then usurper, claiming descent from the Eurypontid king Demaratus, last known king of Sparta from Heraclid dynasty, The Cyclopædia, Volume 20. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Priests were people outside of the regnal pair and neither of the kings was considered sacred — although they could enable contact with the gods, they were never interpreters. 4. The Gerousia was a council made up of men who were over the age of 60; they made decisions in criminal cases. They made decisions about war and peace. Both Kings had jointly decided. Sparta had two kings, or basileis. If it is right that this title merely denotes hereditary nobles with stated prerogatives, this was originally one of its less remarkable aspects. Division of power, internal and external. Sparta ran on a system of democracy, therefore it had two kings who shared responsibilities. In mythology, they were the Perseides. Both kings would ensure that one king would not abuse or obtain to much power, that they could cause hard to the state. Called Kings but elected. The kings held little judicial or domestic power in Sparta, but each was considered an equal and supreme commander of the army during wartime, and had the power to declare war and lead the army in battle. In order to get Spartan citizenship back, the kings have two requests--win Sparta a wreath in the Olympics, and win Boetia for Sparta. Taygetus (2,407 m) and to the east by Mt. Two Kings of Sparta. The council governed the city, declared wars, supervised the kings, and could propose laws. This want of information was attributed by most of the Greeks to the stability of the Spartan constitution, which had lasted unchanged from the days of Lycurgus. It was even more unusual in that it had two kings simultaneously, who were called the archagetai,[1][n 1] coming from two separate lines. The kings belonged to the Council of Elders (Gerousia) which had 5 Ephors along with nobles who were over 60 years of age. The Constitution was effected in the following way. Sparta had a very unique system of government. 10 years ago. The Agiad line was regarded as being senior to the Eurypontid line.[3]. According to tradition, the two lines, the Agiads and Eurypontids, were respectively descended from the twins Eurysthenes and Procles, the … Lv 7. How old did you have to be to be in the Council of Elders? King was succeeded by his the first born son after he … In ancient Greece, Sparta was unique in having a dual kingship - two kings from different clans, the Agiads and the Eurypontids, reigning simultaneously. Answer Save. Pg, A Prosopography of Lacedaemonians, Part 396. Spartan Constitution. As per the peculiar provisions of the Constitution of Sparta two kings ruled over the country at a time. Sparta was following the Tradition of 2 Kings since the time the Spartan Dioscouroi Gods Polydefkes and Kastor, wider known today as Gemini/Twins were reigning over Sparta together. Not shown is Lycurgus, the lawgiver, a younger son of the Eurypontids, who served a brief regency either for the infant Charilaus (780–750 BC) or for Labotas (870–840 BC) the Agiad. Democratic Sparta always had 2 kings. A brief description of the Spartan kings with a list of the known kings. The Atreidai (Latin Atreidae) belong to the Late Bronze Age, or the Mycenaean Period. 2 kings. There was an assembly of citizens, but this did not have the power of the citizen assembly in democratic Athens. The Ecclesia was made up of every Spartan male full citizen who had attained his 30th birthday; it was led by the ephors and they supposedly made decisions on when to go to war and who would be the commander in chief. Having two kings share power was fairly common in several Bronze Age Indo-European societies; they shared power but had different roles. Spartan kings inherited their roles, a job filled by the leader of each family. Each year the ephors, or magistrates, chose the 300 best hoplites in Sparta to become the hippeis—elite soldiers who formed the king’s private guard. By Abraham Rees. Sparta was ruled by two kings and a Council of Elders. The dynasty is named after its third king Eurypon. How many kings ruled Sparta? 2 Answers. Why did Sparta have two kings? Sparta also had a council that created laws. By Bruno Currie Page 245, A Classical Dictionary By John Lemprière. The council consisted of, apart from the two kings with the most influence, twenty-eight people of rich families over the age of sixty. Sparta in time developed a system of dual kingship (two kings ruling at once). This was due to her army, which was feared by other Greeks. Sir William Smith. Division of power, internal and external. The council was made up of the two kings and twenty-eight elders. The Heracleidae became ascendant in the Eurotas valley with the Dorians who, at least in legend, entered it during an invasion called the Return of the Heracleidae; driving out the Atreids and at least some of the Mycenaean population. Sparta was a constitutional monarchy, made up of the kings, advised by and (supposedly) controlled by a college of ephors; a council of elders called the Gerousia; and an assembly, known as the Apella or Ecclesia. A ruling family might thus have a number of dynastic names; for example, Agis I named the Agiads, but he was a Heraclid and so were his descendants. Sparta was unusual among the Greek city-states in that it maintained its kingship past the Archaic age. The two kings were more like military commanders and generals. Probably ruling in the 11th century BC, he was important for two achievements – the establishment of Patrai and the capture of Helos. Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Kings often became divinities, in their religion. During the 5th century BC Sparta was very powerful. Their power was counter-balanced by the elected board of ephors (who may only serve a single one-year term). Agis himself was responsible for establishing a port city called Patrai on the north shore of th… Two Kings of Sparta Of the internal development of Sparta down to this time but little is recorded. Lv 7. Agesilaus II, distinguished king of Sparta, being asked which was the greater virtue, valor or justice, replied: "Unsupported by justice, valor is good for nothing; and if all men were just, there would be no need of valor". The kings also performed the duties of the priests. It would be, if the kings were not just two out of thirty people in the council which acted as a court of justice and advisors on political affairs. Kings of Sparta Sparta due to its constitution would have two kings rule over the state. Spartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). The purpose of having two kings was to prevent one man from gaining too much power. Pindar and the cult of heroes. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology: This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 17:53. Now that reminds us of oligarchic government. There was also a Council of Elders (Gerousia), each member of which was over the age of 60 and could serve for life. This List of Kings of Sparta details the important rulers of the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta in the Peloponnese. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. The Lacedaemonids contain Greeks from the age of legend, now treated as being the Bronze Age in Greece. Sparta was insignificant during IR timeframe and already got a mission tree, unique events, and unique units due to 300 fanboys. [4] The kings' firstborn sons, as heirs apparent, were the only Spartan boys expressly exempt from the Agoge; however, they were allowed to take part if they so wished, and this endowed them with increased prestige when they ascended the throne. Relevance? The kings were automatic members of the Gerousia, the council of 28 elders picked for life plus the two kings. Sparta ran on a system of democracy, therefore it had two kings who shared responsibilities. The oligarchy had two kings, they weren't very powerful. N.S. Sparta was ruled by two kings. Reputedly founded in the 9th century bce with a rigid oligarchic constitution, the state of Sparta for centuries retained as lifetime corulers two kings who arbitrated in time of war. It is odd, however, that the number two should have been so permanently entrenched. That mythologizing extended even to place names. It is evident from Plutarch's; "Life of Lycurgus", that a lawgiver known by the name of Lycurgus derived the Spartan laws from the oracle at Delphi, which outlined how Sparta was to function. The city was ruled by two kings, and a 28-member Council of Elders limited their power. In order to get Spartan citizenship back, the kings have two requests--win Sparta a wreath in the Olympics, and win Boetia for Sparta. This article is part of the series: Dual Kingship = Two Kings Sparta • founded sometime around 900 BC. As they both claimed descent from Hercules, the kings were considered above the other Spartiates by virtue of their leadership positio… There are way too many other regions that got 0 content since launch and deserve more attention. This want of information was attributed by most of the Greeks to the stability of the Spartan constitution, which had lasted unchanged from the days of Lycurgus. King was succeeded by his the first born son after he came to power. Relevance? I need the information for a History assignment. T… Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. Spartan government was a mix of monarchy and oligarchy because Sparta was ruled by two kings and the kings were the head of Sparta's governing body which was the Council of Elders. In the language of mythologic descent, the kingship passed from the Leleges to the Greeks. 5. ephorate, Sparta was ruled by two kings, each having sovereign power over the state? They were involved in certain religious or cultic activities, members of the priesthood of Zeus Lacedaemon (a cult group based honoring the mythical king of Laconia) and Zeus Ouranos (Uranus, the primal sky god). Sparta had a special policy maker, the gerousia, a council consisting of 28 elders over the age of 60, elected for life and usually part of the royal households, and the two kings. Was on the north shore of th… for one, Sparta had kings. Each family, Herodotus explains to us how this dual kingship ( two of... Military commanders and generals several Bronze age in Greece two should have named! 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Assembly in democratic Athens remarkable aspects Page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 17:53 that 2 kings. With stated prerogatives, this was originally one of its less remarkable aspects,. Recurring posthumous hero cult like that of the two founding families, Agaidai and Eurypontidae in life. Obtain to much power power but had different roles n't very powerful ran! Achievements – the establishment of Patrai and the capture of Helos up of the two kings •. Contain Greeks from the age of 30 members hereditary nobles with stated,! There were five ephors who were over the state William Smith ( Ed. of Atreus is attested Hittite! Sparta was insignificant during IR timeframe and already got a mission tree, unique events, and by nature... Insight into why the two boys were born Aristodemus croaked council governed the city, declared wars, supervised kings! Annually and swore fealty to Sparta rather than the kings were not related each... 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