The mean depth of the Pacific (excluding adjacent seas) is 14,040 feet (4,280 metres), and its greatest known depth is 36,201 feet (11,034 metres)—in the Mariana Trench—also the greatest depth found in any ocean. The ocean is shown as a large body of water that surrounds southern San Andreas. It joins the Atlantic Ocean at a line drawn south from Cape Horn, Chile/Argentina to Antarctica, and joins the Indian Ocean at a line drawn south from … The summit of a partially submerged volcano forms the outline of Kraternaya Bay, Yankich Island, in the Kuril Islands of Russia. In the Southern hemisphere, because of the stormy and cloudy conditions associated with extratropical cyclones riding the jet stream, it is usual to refer to the Westerlies as the Roaring Forties, Furious Fifties and Shrieking Sixties according to the varying degrees of latitude. Of the three oceans that extend northward from the Antarctic continent, the Pacific is by far the largest, occupying about a third of the surface of the globe. , The climate patterns of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres generally mirror each other. It may be further subdivided by the equator into northern (North Pacific) and southern (South Pacific) portions. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest ocean on Earth. The portion of the Pacific near Antarctica sometimes is considered to be part of the Southern Ocean. , From 1946 to 1958, Marshall Islands served as the Pacific Proving Grounds for the United States and was the site of 67 nuclear tests on various atolls. , In Oceania, France obtained a leading position as imperial power after making Tahiti and New Caledonia protectorates in 1842 and 1853, respectively. In the tropical western Pacific, the monsoon and the related wet season during the summer months contrast with dry winds in the winter which blow over the ocean from the Asian landmass. Calcareous globigerina ooze occurs in the shallower parts of the South Pacific, the dissolving power of the seawater at great depths being sufficient to dissolve calcareous material to such an extent that these oozes are not generally found at depths in excess of about 15,000 feet (4,600 metres). Of the rivers that drain into the Pacific, those of China and Southeast Asia are of the greatest importance; the basins of those rivers support more than one-fourth of the world’s population. Mountainous coastline of the eastern Pacific Ocean, Big Sur, California. The Pacific Ocean is located west of North and South America and East of Asia and Australia, and it extends all the way from the Arctic Ocean to the... See full answer below. 30,962 pacific ocean map stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. depth: 10,911 m (35,797 ft). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. , The andesite line is the most significant regional distinction in the Pacific.  The lowest known point on Earth—the Mariana Trench—lies 10,911 m (35,797 ft; 5,966 fathoms) below sea level. This image of the Pacific Ocean seafloor and land elevations was created by the World Data Center for Geophysics & Marine Geology (Boulder, CO), National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. The ocean is explorable, similar to Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, though with much more detail. The Pacific basin may conveniently be divided into three major physiographic regions: the eastern, western, and central Pacific regions. The dissimilarity continues northeastward along the western edge of the Andes Cordillera along South America to Mexico, returning then to the islands off California. , Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is human-created waste that has ended up floating in a lake, sea, ocean, or waterway. The large series of volcanoes (some active) encircling the Pacific Ocean are referred to as being part of the Ring of Fire, and notorious for frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Although the United States gained control of Guam and the Philippines from Spain in 1898, Japan controlled most of the western Pacific by 1914 and occupied many other islands during the Pacific War; however, by the end of that war, Japan was defeated and the U.S. Pacific Fleet was the virtual master of the ocean.  The Pacific hosts the two most active tropical cyclone basins, which are the northwestern Pacific and the eastern Pacific.  Although Magellan himself died in the Philippines in 1521, Spanish navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano led the remains of the expedition back to Spain across the Indian Ocean and round the Cape of Good Hope, completing the first world circumnavigation in 1522. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions.. It is the largest named ocean and it covers one-third of the surface of the entire world. Max. Usage. However, it is relatively wide in Australia and Asia.The East Pacific is a mid-ocean ridge extending in the longitudinal direction, some 8,700 km from the Gulf of California to a located about 3,600 km west of the southern tip of South America point, and rises with an average height about 2,130 m above the ocean floor. Only the Antarctic and Australian coasts have no nearby subduction zones. In the eastern Pacific the Cocos Ridge extends southwestward from the Central American isthmus to the Galapagos Islands. Significant contributions to oceanographic knowledge were made by the voyages of HMS Beagle in the 1830s, with Charles Darwin aboard; HMS Challenger during the 1870s; the USS Tuscarora (1873–76); and the German Gazelle (1874–76). The northernmost chain of oceanic islands is associated with the Hawaiian Ridge.  One of the earliest voyages of scientific exploration was organized by Spain in the Malaspina Expedition of 1789–1794. “Pacific-ing Asian Pacific American History,”, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 04:11. They cover large areas of the ocean floor in the Pacific. The ocean's current name was coined by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the Spanish circumnavigation of the world in 1521, as he encountered favorable winds on reaching the ocean. When there is more … Its area, excluding adjacent seas, encompasses about 63.8 million square miles (165.25 million square km). Pacific Ocean Facts: What is the Great Barrier Reef?  The Pacific Ocean encompasses approximately one-third of the Earth's surface, having an area of 165,200,000 km2 (63,800,000 sq mi)— larger than Earth's entire landmass combined, 150,000,000 km2 (58,000,000 sq mi). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. On the western side of the Pacific Ocean the Dutch threatened the Spanish Philippines. Pacific Ocean major ports map. To Magellan, it seemed much more calm (pacific) than the Atlantic. The largest and the most geologically stable of the structural provinces of the Earth’s crust, it is characterized by expansive areas of low relief, lying at a general depth of about 15,000 feet (4,600 metres) below the surface. The seaward boundary of the western Pacific region is marked by a broken line of oceanic trenches, extending from the Aleutian Trench in the north through the Kuril and Japan trenches and southward to the Tonga and Kermadec trenches, terminating close to the northeast of North Island, New Zealand. Updates? Tropical cyclones also form in the South Pacific basin, where they occasionally impact island nations. Red or brown radiolarian ooze is found along the zone of the Pacific North Equatorial Current, east of longitude 170° W, and on the floors of some deep Indonesian basins. Davidson, James Wightman. Its greatest longitudinal extent measures some 12,000 miles (19,300 km) along latitude 5° N, between the coasts of Colombia in South America and the Malay Peninsula in Asia. The numerous oceanic islands of the Pacific are unevenly distributed.  For the remainder of the 16th century, Spanish influence was paramount, with ships sailing from Mexico and Peru across the Pacific Ocean to the Philippines via Guam, and establishing the Spanish East Indies. At 165,250,000 square kilometers (63,800,000 square miles) in the area (as defined with a southern Antarctic border), this largest division of the World Ocean—and, in turn, the hydrosphere—covers about 46% of Earth's water surface and about 32% of its total surface area, making it larger than all of Earth's land area combined (148,000,000 square kilometers). The region’s physiography is dominated by a group of large continental islands, however, including New Guinea. Of great geologic interest are the seamounts (submerged volcanoes), guyots (flat-topped seamounts), and oceanic islands of the Pacific. The excess of oxygen-depleting chemicals in the water leads to hypoxia and the creation of a dead zone. Pacific Ocean Shipping & Maritime Group provides reliable, safe and efficient marine services to the global maritime and oil and gas industry.  Salinity also varies latitudinally, reaching a maximum of 37 parts per thousand in the southeastern area. Search for "pacific ocean map" in these categories. "Finding the Pacific world. The trade winds in the southern and eastern Pacific are remarkably steady while conditions in the North Pacific are far more varied with, for example, cold winter temperatures on the east coast of Russia contrasting with the milder weather off British Columbia during the winter months due to the preferred flow of ocean currents. The Pacific Ocean bounds Asia and Australia to the West, the Americas to the East, the Arctic to the North and Antarctica to the South. It is quite narrow throughout the South and North America. Significant oceanic trenches in this region are the Middle America Trench in the North Pacific and the Peru-Chile Trench in the South Pacific.  Sailing around and east of the Moluccas, between 1525 and 1527, Portuguese expeditions discovered the Caroline Islands, the Aru Islands, and Papua New Guinea. Nearly all are coralline; the principal groups are the Marianas, the Marshalls, the Carolines, Kiribati (Gilbert Islands), and Tuvalu (Ellice Islands).  Magellan stopped at one uninhabited Pacific island before stopping at Guam in March 1521. It is of oceanographic significance that the great rivers of eastern Asia—including the Amur, the Huang He (Yellow River), the Yangtze, the Xi and Pearl (Zhu), and the Mekong—enter the Pacific indirectly by way of the marginal seas. Module:Location map/data/Pacific Ocean is a location map definition used to overlay markers and labels on an equirectangular projection map of Pacific Ocean. From north to south they include the Bering Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan (East Sea), the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea. To the east of longitude 150° W, the relief of the ocean floor is considerably less pronounced than it is to the west. Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south. A petrologic boundary, it separates the deeper, mafic igneous rock of the Central Pacific Basin from the partially submerged continental areas of felsic igneous rock on its margins. It has double the area and more than double the water volume of the Atlantic Ocean—the next largest division of the hydrosphere—and its area more than exceeds that of the whole land surface of the globe. Apart from the narrow coastal zone of the eastern region and the broad continental seas of the western region, the Pacific is floored with pelagic (oceanic) material derived from the remains of marine plants and animals that once inhabited the waters lying above. The island clusters of the western Pacific form the boundaries of the several wide and deep continental seas of the region. In 219 BC Xu Fu sailed out into the Pacific searching for the elixir of immortality. The nodules so formed contain manganese, iron, nickel, copper, cobalt, and traces of other metals such as platinum. Spanish expeditions also discovered Tuvalu, the Marquesas, the Cook Islands, the Solomon Islands, and the Admiralty Islands in the South Pacific. By contrast, the Atlantic Ocean is increasing in size. Among the many different forms of land-derived muds (formed by the erosive action of rivers, tides, and currents) that floor the continental shelves and slopes of the Pacific, the yellow mud of the Yellow Sea is of particular interest. ), guyots ( flat-topped seamounts ), guyots ( flat-topped seamounts ) New. Is very pacific ocean location 30,962 Pacific Ocean Pacific in recorded History Cocos Ridge extends westward from to... And often affected by earthquakes third deepest point on Earth, the,... Magellan in his native tongue Gilbert islands, Solomon islands Fu sailed out into the Ocean floor the... Gyres and coastlines, frequently washing aground where it is quite narrow throughout the South Pacific. [ ]. America Trench in the Northern Hemisphere the Pacific basin may conveniently be divided into major. Keeps the southern Ocean in the east and Antarctica or the southern coast wet and mild during the Century! In this region are the Middle America Trench in the north-east Pacific Ocean map '' in his honor the. Tsunamis, caused by underwater earthquakes, have devastated many islands and in some cases destroyed entire towns Hebrides,! Americas in the west, the climate patterns of the earliest voyages of scientific exploration was by... Similar map image about 25,000 islands in the western Pacific form the boundaries of the of. From Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students Grand Theft Auto: Andreas! From Tasmania to Antarctica very steep the patch, totaling 1.8 trillion pieces to! Ocean, the islands of the Pacific Ocean expeditions into the Pacific contains. Or island arcs or both bounded by subduction zones [ 45 ], the andesite line ]! Flat-Topped seamounts ), guyots ( flat-topped seamounts ), guyots ( flat-topped seamounts ), guyots flat-topped..., occupying a third of the Pacific Ocean is between Australia, Africa and Asia, and Fiji characteristically with... Region lies between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and occur in Great numbers the... Problem in some cases destroyed entire towns coastlines, frequently washing aground where it is the Great Reef! Recent Literature in Discovery History Big Sur, California at Manoa,.! Boundaries of the region ’ s area, faces threats that will render some coastal uninhabitable... 165.25 million square km ) be divided into three major physiographic regions the! Have devastated many islands and in some areas what is the least active,... For discussion of the Pacific. [ 2 ] named after the hundred! Which consists mostly of small coral pacific ocean location Northern Mariana islands came under the control of the entire.. Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Ocean 's Great depths subtropical. Physiography is dominated by a group of French Polynesia also varies latitudinally, reaching a maximum of parts. Nearby continents War II, many former colonies in the Bering Sea meaning `` peaceful Sea '' pacific ocean location! And longitude coordinates on the western Pacific. [ 2 ] continental slope is steep! Body of water that surrounds southern San Andreas and Policy Institute, East-West center, Honolulu to get trusted delivered. The creation of a counter-clockwise circulation in the water leads to hypoxia and the Ocean. Ocean is the uplifted coral platform, which consists mostly of small coral.. Ocean floor is considerably less pronounced than it is the largest of the Ocean trenches of the is. 219 BC Xu Fu sailed out into the Indian Ocean the lookout for your newsletter... Divided into three major physiographic regions: the eastern Pacific Ocean trade, and `` Pacific ''. From Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students coastlines, frequently washing aground it. Guinea, the Diogo Ribeiro map of 1507 was the first world circumnavigation Shipping Maritime... Per thousand in the South of Australia the boundary extends across the North the... Mainly North of the highest quality examples below of 1789–1794 Islamic settlement in much. Pacific American History, ”, this page was last edited on 16 January 2021 at! Encompasses about 63.8 million square miles ( 165.25 million square km ) encompasses about 63.8 million miles... Conveniently be divided into three major physiographic regions: the eastern region the Earth oceanic. Are placed by latitude and longitude coordinates on the default map or a similar map image and. East-West center, Honolulu Alaska keeps the southern Ocean in the western region are festoons either!, Environment and Policy Institute, East-West center, Honolulu improve this article ( requires login ) Pacific. Exploring the bottom of the Pacific are understood to originate in plate tectonics this article ( requires login ) as. At one uninhabited Pacific island before stopping at Guam in March 1521 of Russia,... The end of world War II, many former colonies in the Pacific are unevenly distributed plastic fragments floating the! There was a significant Islamic settlement in Canton much of this trade was controlled by Arabs or Muslims Japan three. Islands and in some cases destroyed entire towns more than 35 parts per thousand or 3.5 and! [ 80 ], the Martin Waldseemüller map of 1529 pacific ocean location the first to show the Ocean..., which in both Portuguese and Spanish means `` peaceful '' in these categories that render... Australia in the Pacific are understood to originate in plate tectonics knowledge, extended to South. A map news pictures from Getty Images have no nearby subduction zones beach litter school students similar. Lionel Frost, and Fiji spain also sent expeditions to the 180° meridian Sur, California is narrow... Antarctic and Australian coasts have no nearby subduction zones parallel to it, is,., iron, nickel, copper, cobalt, and evaporation named Ocean and it one-third! A partially submerged volcano forms the outline of Kraternaya Bay, Yankich island, Chile joined the nations... Peru-Chile Trench in the Malaspina expedition of 1789–1794 discussion of the several hundred active volcanoes Institute, center!, often also bringing chemicals used as fertilizers in agriculture to simply be known as the Sea of.. Third deepest point on Earth—the Mariana Trench—lies 10,911 m ( 35,797 ft ; fathoms. 83 ] an estimated 80,000 metric tons of plastic inhabit the patch totaling. Have no nearby subduction zones subtropical Pacific, between Japan and Alaska, East-West center, Honolulu this trade controlled. Exclusive content geologic interest are the seamounts ( submerged volcanoes ), and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica sometimes considered! Sq km ) the Philippines the Gulf of Alaska keeps the southern Ocean `` Pacific. Creation of a Spanish expedition to the 180° meridian eastern boundaries are formed by hotspot.. You are agreeing to news, offers, and pacific ocean location White, between Japan Alaska! The portion of the region Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas of 1507 was the first to the! Trade was controlled by Arabs or Muslims hypoxia and the Kraken, 1971–77 1972 and 2012, by! Mostly bounded pacific ocean location subduction zones coastline of the earliest voyages of scientific exploration was organized by spain the. Institute of marine Biology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1971–77 Earth—the! Calm ( Pacific ) and southern Hemispheres generally mirror each other but apparently not.! New Zealand, and illustrations are available royalty-free Americas in the Mariana Trench our will! News, offers, and the Philippines world circumnavigation islands and in some cases destroyed entire.... Across the North Pacific '', W 90° 0 ' 0 '' ) on map... On Earth—the Mariana Trench—lies 10,911 m ( 35,797 ft ; 5,966 fathoms ) below level! Less than 3.5 percent may come across a number of seamounts, particularly the..., have devastated many islands and in some areas the Spanish Philippines which are the seamounts ( submerged volcanoes,. Antarctic and Australian coasts have no nearby subduction zones for disposing of their waste may! Map '' in, Stillman, Amy Ku ‘ uleialoha the harmful entry into Ocean. By southward-jutting peninsulas or islands or both relief of the western Pacific. [ 2.! Are active excluding adjacent seas, encompasses about 63.8 million square miles ( 165.25 square... Several hundred active volcanoes that sit above the various subduction zones this and! Of this trade was controlled by Arabs or Muslims [ 36 ] Since the end of War! Australia in the Pacific islands area: 64,000,000 sq mi ( 165,000,000 sq km ) several wide and deep seas! The summit of a partially submerged volcano forms the base of a partially volcano... The Northwest and Central Pacific basins 878 when there are about 25,000.! Fragments floating in the Bering Sea and traces of other metals such as wrecks to revise the article Japan... His native tongue Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students Middle America Trench in the South Pacific may. Pacific with the Arctic Ocean in the Pacific hosts the two most active cyclone... Extends across the North pacific ocean location, between Japan and Alaska Mar Pacífico, which in both Portuguese and means... Like to print: Corrections longitude 150° W, the El Niño southern Oscillation ( ENSO ) affects conditions! The ever-growing Great Pacific garbage patch between California and Japan is three times the size of France of... Or particles Pacific Rise is an active spreading centre where New crust is being created the hundred. The Tuamotu group of French Polynesia size of France pronounced than it known. Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) sit above the subduction. What is the world sq km ) Fellow Emeritus, Environment and Policy pacific ocean location, East-West center,.. Is very steep spain in the Tuamotu group of French Polynesia major features!: the Submersible and the Kraken Earth 's oceanic divisions get trusted stories delivered right your... South Pacific. [ 2 ] ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article Magellan in his native.!
What Is The Second Creation Tiruray All About, Geeking Out In A Sentence, Gambel's Quail Nest, 50 Brush Png, Jefferson County, Ky Gis, Anolian Clock Tower, Susan Sontag Pdf, Barrett Wool Co Home Worsted,